REM Independent Forest Monitoring missions in Tanzania

Forest exploitation and governance in Tanzania

In October 2009, REM, working together with HTSPE Tanzania, completed a study look at the installation of a new Independent Monitoring project to tackle the Forest Law Enforcement and Governance problems in the country. The final report is now available for download.

Forest exploitation and governance in Tanzania

According to the U.N. FAO, 37.7% or about 33,428,000 ha of Tanzania is forested, according to FAO. Tanzania had 240,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Tanzania lost an average of 403,350 ha or 0.97% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Tanzania lost 19.4% of its forest cover, or around 8,067,000 ha.

Tanzania's forests contain 2,019 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Tanzania has some 1898 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 9.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 6.1% are threatened. Tanzania is home to at least 10008 species of vascular plants, of which 11.2% are endemic. 14.6% of Tanzania is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

Following revelations about widespread illegal logging in Tanzania, in 2005 it was first suggested that the implementation of an Independent Monitor of Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (IMFLEG) might improve the situation.

The objective being to reduce deforestation, increase government revenues and help protect rural livelihoods. Studies since have reiterated both the scale of forest crime in Tanzania and the potential benefit an IMFLEG may bring.

REM Scoping missions

Desk and field research conducted for this study has found that while illegal commercial logging has fallen considerably from its peak in 2003-2005, illegal activity remains widespread with respect to all aspects of forestry in Tanzania, including harvesting, imports/exports, regional and domestic trade and processing.

A summary table of Recommendations on substantive issues can be found on page 54 of the scoping mission report.

The appendices to the report also include a proposed Terms of Reference for a future project and a test field mission report, which has been presented to the ministry and discussed at length.

REM/HTSPE IM-FLEG scoping mission N°2, Tanzania

REM/HTSPE scoping mission report, October 2009 : Independent Monitoring of Forest Law Enforcement and Governance in Tanzania English flag
Appendix 1: Proposed Terms of Reference for IMFLEG
Appendix 2: Test Field Mission Report
Appendix 3: List of Persons Consulted
Appendix 4: List of References 

REM IM-FLEG scoping mission N°1, Tanzania

REM scoping mission report, June 2006 English flag